The two leading sets of guidelines on hand hygiene in healthcare settings are published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These guidelines have been prepared to improve patient health and safety through correct, evidence-based hand hygiene. Each guideline is a compendium of critical knowledge, data and know-how on hand hygiene in the medical field. Within each set of guidelines are recommendations on hand hygiene technique, indications, products, and management to effectively and systematically reduce the spread of infection. Every facet of hand hygiene is discussed to ensure preventative hygiene measures can be conducted in any facility with calculable results. The recommendations in both guidelines are unified, and can be viewed in full on each organization’s website.1), 2) Below are some paraphrased examples.