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Infection Control

Know your enemy. There are many infectious bacteria and virus circulating through hospitals that can cause additional serious health problems to patients.Hands are your most important tool to treat patients =,but they are also considered to be the most common route for infection transmission, making hand hygiene an essential routine for stopping the spread of potentially harmful pathogens.Below is a selection of common bacteria and viruses, illustrated for your pleasure, which can infect a patient while reeving treatment.





Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

MRSA is an opportunistic strain of staphylococcus aureus found in healthcare facilities that has a resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. It is commonly spread by hands and contaminated medical instruments.



Vancomycin resistant enterococci

VRE is an enterococcus with a developed resistance to vancomycin. It naturally lives in the intestines but can cause serious ailments such as peritonitis in weak patients, which is very difficult to treat



Serratia marcescens

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterium found in most environments, which is associated with infection in patients after surgery. Some strains are showing resistance to beta-lactam and other antibiotics.



Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterium found in most environments, which is associated with infection in patients after surgery. Some strains are showing resistance to beta-lactam and other antibiotics.



Clostridium difficile

Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming bacterium in our intestines. Antibiotics can induce the bacteria to multiply and produces toxins that cause pain and diarrhea. The spores can be washed away but are resistant to hand disinfectant.



Enterohaemorrhagic escherichia coli 157

E. coli can cause food poisoning from only 100 bacteria. Often found in undercooked foods or transferred while using the toilet, E. coli produces verotoxin to destroy blood vessel walls in the large intestine, causing severe abdominal pain.



Norovirus

Norovirus causes inflammation in the digestive tract and common food poisoning. It is usually acquired from raw shellfish or from an infected person’s vomit or feces. As a non-enveloped virus, it is strong against disinfectants.



Rotavirus

Rotavirus causes severe diarrhea in children. Almost every child under 2 years without immunity will experience rotavirus. Transmission most commonly occurs when hands are contaminated while handling vomit or diarrhea.



Influenza virus

The influenza virus causes the common flu. With continual minor mutations it brings about seasonal epidemics every year. The major routes of infection are from airborne particles from sneezing or from touching contaminated surfaces.



Adenovirus

The influenza virus causes the common flu. With continual minor mutations it brings about seasonal epidemics every year. The major routes of infection are from airborne particles from sneezing or from touching contaminated surfaces.



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